Social Psychology Network

Maintained by Scott Plous, Wesleyan University

Stephanie A. Shields

Stephanie A. Shields

  • Media Contact
  • SPN Mentor

Stephanie Shields' research is at the intersection of the psychology of emotion, the psychology of gender, and feminist psychology. She studies how emotional experience is represented in language and how it is reflected in bodily signs and symptoms of emotion. Her current work focuses on questions concerning when, why, and how emotion and emotionality are explicitly labeled in everyday situations, especially in the workplace. She also studies the social context of psychological research, especially the history of the psychology of women and gender, and women's participation in American psychology. She is also interested in intersectionality theory and how social psychological research can be more responsive to this perspective. Her experiential learning tool, WAGES (, illustrates the cumulative effect of apparently minor biases in the academic workplace.

Primary Interests:

  • Culture and Ethnicity
  • Emotion, Mood, Affect
  • Gender Psychology
  • Political Psychology
  • Self and Identity
  • Social Cognition

Research Group or Laboratory:


Journal Articles:

  • MacArthur, H. J. & Shields, S. A. (2015). There’s no crying in baseball, or is there? Male athletes, tears, and masculinity in North America. Emotion Review, 7, 39-46. DOI: 10.1177/1754073914544476
  • Shields, S. A. (2016). Functionalism, Darwinism, and intersectionality: How an intersectional perspective reveals issues of power, inequality, and legitimacy in psychological science. Feminism & Psychology, 26, 353-365. Special issue on the 40th anniversary of the publication of “Functionalism, Darwinism, and the psychology of women” (1975), H. Bolak Boratav, H. Clegg, & Lisa Lazard (Eds.).
  • Shields, S. A. (2015). Transformational moments in feminist psychology. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 39, 1-8. DOI: 10.1177/0361684315574502
  • Shields, S. A. (2013). Gender and emotion: What we think we know, what we need to know, and why it matters. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 37, 423-435. DOI: 10.1177/0361684313502312
  • Shields, S. A. (2007). Passionate men, emotional women: Psychology constructs gender difference in the late 19th century. History of Psychology, 10, 92-110.
  • Shields, S. A. (2005). The politics of emotion in everyday life: "Appropriate" emotion and claims on identity. Review of General Psychology, 9, 3-15.
  • Shields, S. A., & Bhatia, S. (2009). Darwin and race, gender, and culture. American Psychologist, 64, 111-119.
  • Shields, S. A., Zawadzki, M. J., & Johnson, R. N. (2011). The impact of a workshop activity for gender equity simulation in the academy (WAGES-Academic) in demonstrating cumulative effects of gender bias. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 4, 120-129.
  • Warner, L. R., & Shields, S. A. (2008). Judgments of others’ emotional appropriateness are multidimensional. Cognition & Emotion, 23, 876-888.
  • Zawadzki, M. J., Danube, C. L., & Shields, S. A. (2012). How to talk about gender inequity in the workplace: Using WAGES as an experiential learning tool to reduce reactance and promote self-efficacy. Sex Roles, 67, 605-616. DOI: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000106.
  • Zawadzki, M. J., Shields, S. A., Danube, C. L., & Swim, J. K. (2014) Reducing the endorsement of sexism using experiential learning: The Workshop Activity for Gender Equity Simulation (WAGES). Psychology of Women Quarterly, 38, 75-92. DOI: 10.1177/0361684313498573
  • Zawadzki, M. J., Warner, L. R., & Shields, S. A. (2013) Sadness is believed to signal competence when displayed with passionate restraint. Social Psychology, 44, 219-230.

Other Publications:

  • Shields, S. A. (2012). Waking up to privilege: Intersectionality and opportunity. In Y. Flores-Niemann, A. Harris, C. González, & G. Gutiérrez y Muhs (Eds.), Presumed incompetent: The intersections of race and class for women in academia. Logan, UT: Utah State University Press.
  • Shields, S. A., Mac Arthur, H. R., & Mc Cormick, K. T. (in press). Gender and emotion. C. Travis & J. W. White (Eds.), American Psychological Association Handbook on the Psychology of Women. Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Association.
  • Warner, L. R., Settles, I. H., & Shields, S. A. (in press). Intersectionality theory in the psychology of women. C. Travis & J. W. White (Eds.), American Psychological Association Handbook on the Psychology of Women. Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Association.
  • Warner, L. R., & Shields, S. A. (2010). Gender, status, and the politics of emotional authenticity. In M. Salmela & V. Mayer (Eds.), Emotions, ethics, and authenticity (pp. 91-112). NY: John Benjamin.
  • Warner, L. R., & Shields, S. A. (2007). The perception of crying in women and men: Angry tears, sad tears, and the "right way" to weep (pp. 92-118). In U. Hess & P. Phillipot (Eds.), Edge University Press.

Courses Taught:

  • Psychology of Gender
  • Tears, Blushing, and Butterflies in the Stomach (first year seminar)

Stephanie A. Shields
Department of Psychology
514 Moore Building
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania 16802
United States of America

  • Phone: (814) 863-1729
  • Fax: (814) 863-7002

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